South County Dermatology

Posts for tag: Combination Skin

By SOUTH COUNTY DERMATOLOGY
April 13, 2018
Category: Skin Care

Young girl cleaning skinAre some parts of your face shiny and greasy, while other spots feel normal or even dry? If so, you probably have combination skin. Your dermatologist offers you easy, helpful tips for a proper skin cleansing routine for managing your combination complexion.

Combination skin is part oily, part dry. Typically, the oily areas are located on the T-zone, which consists of the forehead, nose and chin. Cheeks are usually more on the dry side, but the degrees of oiliness and dryness can vary. The T-zone also tends to have larger pores and is prone to breakouts, while the cheeks may feel rough and irritated.

Some of the causes of combination skin include:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Lipids
  • Weather

How to Care for Combination Skin

To properly care for combination skin, your dermatologist offers some friendly advice:

  • Cleanse: People with combination skin often have difficulty finding a cleanser that works for their unique skin needs. For the perfect solution, use a foaming or gel cleanser to get rid of dirt and oil without irritating or drying out your skin.
  • Exfoliate: Regular exfoliation sloughs off dry, dead, rough skin cells and leaves the skin looking luminous and fresh. It also helps products penetrate into the skin. If you don’t exfoliate the skin, dead skin cells build up and block pores, causing blemishes and blackheads.
  • Moisturize: Combination skin needs balance, and part of that balance means properly moisturizing your skin. Moisturizing is especially important for drier areas of the face, but your entire face needs hydration.
  • Protect: Just like all other skin types, it is important to protect your skin from harmful effects of the sun. UVA and UVB rays can damage skin, so make sure to use oil-free sunblock all over your face daily.

Visit your dermatologist to properly determine your specific skin type and how to properly care for your skin.

By SOUTH COUNTY DERMATOLOGY
June 15, 2016
Category: Skin Care

Skin TypeSkin care should be an important part of your daily hygiene. This should include cleansing the face daily, moisturizing, applying sunscreen and avoiding harsh products. A good skin care routine starts with understanding the unique needs of your skin type. In many cases, skin can be classified into four different categories: normal, dry, oily and combination.  

To determine your type of skin, try this simple test:

  • Wash your face and gently pat it dry.
  • Wait approximately 15 minutes and then press lens-cleaning tissue paper on different areas of your face.
  • If the paper sticks or picks up oil on all parts of your skin, then you have oily skin.
  • If the paper does not stick on any part of your face, then you have dry skin.
  • If the paper only sticks to your chin, nose and forehead, then you have normal or combination skin.

Normal Skin Types
The ideal skin type, normal skin is characterized by a smooth, even tone and usually blemish free.  It also tolerates most skin care lotions and creams. A regular skin care regimen combined with a balanced diet is often enough to maintain healthy, youthful skin.

Dry Skin Types
People with dry skin lack natural moisture. Dry skin may flake during the winter months, and chapping or cracking may occur when skin is extremely dry or dehydrated. Applying gentle moisturizer throughout the day and drinking plenty of water can help relieve dryness and also fight against premature aging. Avoid overexposure to the sun, harsh winds and smoking which can aggravate dry skin.

Oily Skin Types
If you have oily skin, you may be more prone to acne due to excessive oil secretions (sebum) on the face. Oily skin may appear greasy, and is commonly seen among adolescents due to hormonal changes which increase production of sebum. To manage oily skin, use cosmetics sparingly and only apply oil-free products when possible. Wash skin once or twice a day, avoid lotions and creams and always remove makeup before going to bed.

Combination Skin Types
Combination skin is a blend of both dry and oily skin, most often characterized by an oily T-zone (forehead, nose and chin) and a dry neck and cheeks.  Different parts of the face may require slightly different care. Applying a toner or anti-acne product on the T-zone to remove residual oils and impurities may be helpful in managing oily skin, while a mild moisturizer may be needed for the cheeks.

Having trouble determining your skin type? Visit your dermatologist for expert skin care advice and a personalized treatment plan for every type of skin. The state of our skin is affected by nutrition, general and emotional health, exercise and genes. How well you care for your skin will play an important role in achieving your healthy glow.